Patient identifiers have been redacted or patient consent has been obtained. The contents of this site have not been reviewed nor approved by Hennepin County Medical Center and any views or opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Hennepin County Medical Center.

The information presented on this site do not represent medical advice.  You should always consult with standard medical reference books as well as your colleagues in medicine before implementing any medical treatment, decision making or procedure described or communicated.  We hope you learn something that helps you do a better job and makes a positive difference in the lives of your patients and expands your interest in hyperbaric and undersea medicine.

We have no conflicts of interest to disclose.